15+ Things That Are Actually Much Bigger Than We Could Imagine
49. BIG CLAWS
This is the claw of a juvenile Crowned Eagle. This is something shocking to see because we hardly realize how big these animals are. As you can see, they can be really dangerous. It is also referred to as the African crowned eagle or the crowned hawk-eagle. These birds can be found in sub-Saharan Africa, but especially places were there many forests. It’s the only member of the genus Stephanoaetus that still exists today. When humans discovered Madagascar the second species, Malagasy crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus mahery), became extinct.
They mostly eat other animals like ungulates, hyrax, and small monkeys. Sometimes, they might take birds or lizards. Their long tails can reach 90 cm (35 inches) in length, but it is not as big as the Martial Eagle, Africa’s largest. However, it is the mightiest of these birds because it can catch heavier prey. They often take bushbucks which can weight around 30 kg.
48. AN ID FOR A DEAD MAN
This is one of the most unbelievable things in history. Did you know that this mummy needed a passport so he could fly to Paris? And just in case you were asking, this happened nearly three millennia after his death. In 1976, Pharaoh Ramses II had to be given an Egyptian passport to travel to France. He had been dead for around 3,000 years. Ramses II was one of the most popular rulers of Egypt and considered the most powerful. He was the son of Seti I and became the Prince Regent at the age of 14.
Historians have said that he took the throne before turning 20. Ramses II was part of several military campaigns against pirates, and he was able to stop rebellions. After conquering many places abroad, he amassed a great fortune which allowed for the construction of tombs. The famous pyramids of Egypt were created 1,500 years before his rule, but Ramses II started making many buildings along the Nile in his name. Additionally, he commissioned the Abu Simbel temple as well as the Ramesseum, a mortuary. However, his most famous monument is the tomb of Nefertari, his lover.
47. NO NOODLES FOR YOU
Low temperatures affect everything, just look what −60ºC did to this bowl of noodles. There is no Photoshop in this picture; the fork is completely frozen. It’s not the first time that noodles have frozen in freezing weather, and it certainly won’t be the last time. Another plate of ramen also made news online, and they were posted by Jessica Wang who works at the Yellowknife’s Chateau Nova Hotel. She saw a bunch of birds playing with something outside and discovered that it was a bowl of frozen noodles complete with their chopsticks.
They took pictures and uploaded them on Instagram. It soon went up on Reddit and had thousands of replies and views. Unfortunately, Wang and her friend (who took the picture) have no idea how the noodles got there or if it was staged. It might have been left over by some tourists, but when they took the image, it was -27ºC. Jessica said that people were probably amazed by the discovery because most Americans from the Southern states have no idea how cold it actually gets in the north. "I don't think a lot of people are aware, first of all, where Yellowknife is," she said. "I think it's just the extremeness of the weather that we have here. That people that are not from here aren't aware of things that can happen like this, where boiling water and tea turns to powder."
46. ONLY ONE GRAPE
These are separately packed grapes, and we just can’t understand why they made this. Also, we are wondering why they put so much protection on it. Aside from being wasteful, there might be a specific reason for doing this. In fact, each grape is worth $12, which sounds insane, but the truth is that Japanese people are obsessed with exotic fruit and there are certain grapes which are more valuable than the ones found at the local market. Some of the most expensive grapes are the Ruby Romans, and a bunch of 30 grapes sold for 1.1 million yen in Japan at one point.
That’s $10,900 total, which means $360 per grape. Ruby Romans are grown in the Ishikawa prefecture and each weight 20 grams and have an 18% sugar content. They are the size of ping pong balls. Clearly, the ones in this image are not Ruby Romans, but they are still expensive. It’s not uncommon for Japanese to spend a lot on fruits, but that sale broke all their records. The buyer, Takamaru Konishi, said that he would give a few of them to certain customers. “These are truly Ruby Roman gems,” he said. “We will display them at our store before giving our customers a sample taste.”
45. HOLD ON TIGHT
This is a very curious toilet, and the reason is that it is made for people who drank too much. You can find them in Germany; they are very characteristic of this country. There is no problem with drinking as long as you do it safely, but the government of Germany seems to understand that their people imbibe a little more than they should. Therefore, some places had these special “puke sinks” added. You can find them in areas for football game viewing or near the Oktoberfest festival.
Someone shared a picture of one sink on Reddit, and people were quick to comment that it was a marvelous idea and practical as well. You can brace yourself on the handles and rinse your face once you are done vomiting. However, the sinks are not just popular in Germany. A nightclub in Prague also installed them, and it even had a poster showing people how to use it. They have become pretty common in many university campuses across Germany.
44. BIG BACK SIDE
Just look at how big this plane is! The most amazing about this is that despite its size, they still need to keep it in a place. Of course, this plane is too big for that garage, but they still found a way. This is just one example of how ingenious humans can be, and over the years, we have come up with the simplest solutions to what seems like the biggest problems. There is even a website called “Thngs” dedicated to collecting images of everything people have made over time.
It’s Noah’s ark for invention, and it goes from 40,000-year-old stone ax to today’s smartphones. One of the designers wrote, “We are surrounded by things. Each thing is a source of objective information about our past, present, and even future. They are the physical memory of humankind. But things break, get damaged, and disappear over time. The physical preservation of all things is not possible, but we can preserve information about them.” One important collection on the site features several digitized space objects like Sputnik 1, a space suit for dogs, and tools for astronauts.
43. ALL IN ONE
This is the best combo you will ever see. It is a sink/stove/fridge all in one and is perfect for tiny or minimalistic apartments. We are sure many millennials will love this. This is actually sold by IKEA, and you can get all kinds of different things for your apartment. They come in different colors and needs. The Swedish company has been a staple in the world of furniture for six decades, and they have retail stores in 40 countries. The founder, Ingvar Kamprad, was born in 1926 in Småland, Sweden, but he was raised in Elmtaryd, a farm in the village of Agunnaryd.
He always knew that he wanted to become a businessman and at the age of 5, he already selling matches to his neighbors. He went on to sell other things such as seeds, greeting cards Christmas tree decorations, pencils, and pens. In 1943, after his father gave him some money for completing his studies, Kamprad founded IKEA. The name comes from his initials (I.K.) plus the first letters of Elmtaryd (E) and Agunnaryd (A). But, he continued to sell knick-knacks in 1948 when furniture came into the mix, and the rest is history.
42. BLESS YOU
Did you know that white deer existed? If you didn’t, here is a picture of one. And not only that, but he is also sneezing. How many can say they have seen this? On September 26, 2018, the nature photographer Oban van Shie was walking through Bradgate Park in Leicestershire, England, when he spotted the rare sight. The buck was lying on the grass among a herd of red and fallow deer. He revealed, "I had never seen a white deer before. I was intrigued given their rarity, although many others that have visited the park will have no doubt seen it."
He started taking pictures of the animal from far away, but he didn’t know he captured a cute moment until he went back home. He had caught the deer mid-sneeze. Van Shie decided to post the picture on Reddit and it received 90,000 upvotes. "I have received some comments doubting whether the deer was sneezing but I was far away enough from the deer that it wouldn’t feel threatened, especially considering that the park is open to the public and there wasn’t enough noise for it to have been calling out," van Shie added. "Having done some research I am confident that it was, in fact, a sneeze."
41. A BIG PUMPKIN
Here we have another unusual picture that you must see. This is the largest pumpkin grown in North America, and its weight is 2528 pounds. A little big, huh? It was grown by a man in New Hampshire, Steve Geddes of Boscawen, who won $6,000 for it at the Deerfield Fair after his pumpkin placed in first. Later on, Woody Lancaster from the Great Pumpkin Commonwealth, which is an international organization that oversees giant pumpkin gardening, revealed that Geddes’ vegetable was the biggest in North American, and it was only 100 lbs. slimmer than the biggest pumpkin grown in history.
According to Guinness World Records, the biggest one belonged to Mathias Willemijns from Belgium, and in 2016, it set the world record of the largest pumpkin weighing a whopping 2,624 lbs. Meanwhile, Geddes has the U.S. record for heaviest pumpkin, as the original holder weighed only 2,363 pounds. It looks like it would be the perfect vegetable for an amazing Jack-O-Lantern or a big carriage for Cinderella. However, we do hope that they managed to make a great soup out of it.
40. FOR ONE BIG SALAD
And talking about big vegetables, just look at this giant carrot. It weighs 22 lbs, and as you can see, its owner is pretty proud of it. Surely many people ate from it. The giant vegetable gardener, Christopher Qualley, who lives in Otsego, Minnesota actually grew a massive carrot the second time he tried making a giant one. It weighed 22.44 pounds, and it might be considered the heaviest carrot ever grown. The father of four had some interesting details to share about his achievement. When asked if he decided straight away to garden the biggest carrot, he said,
“Yes – that was my goal. I think everyone that grows giant fruits and veggies has a dream in the back of their mind to set a world record and I was lucky enough to have a dream come true.” When asked for tips, the gardener said, “I am relatively new to this hobby and my strategy was to imitate what all of the experienced growers across the world were doing. The number one thing that every single top grower says is that your soil is the most important thing, so that is what I focused on. Without the proper soil, your giants will never reach their potential.”
39. A LOT OF BUTTONS
We can’t fully understand what it is going on here, but it seems like someone decided to throw away hundreds of buttons. Maybe this doesn’t contribute anything to your life, but it is a curious picture anyway. Unfortunately, it has been proven that clothes and other materials can affect oceans in dangerous ways. Aside from this image, where the natural habitat of the water took over, apparently synthetic fabrics remaining in washing machines can reach the seas. This is called microplastic pollution, and it can be caused by other materials, but the main contributors are clothes.
Professor Sherri Mason once opened a Great Lakes fish, only to discover that it was filled with synthetic fabrics, and under the microscope, it looked like they were merging to the gastrointestinal tract. It was the first time she had seen anything like it, despite studying pollution around the Great Lakes for several years as part of the State University of New York Fredonia. If the microfibers are in our fish, then they can get back to people who eat them. They are also found in shorelines where most wastewater gets discarded. The University of California at Santa Barbara revealed that a fleece jacket released 1.7 grams of microfibers every wash. That’s something to think about!
38. NATURE INDOORS
It is beautiful when we can take things from nature to create other things we can use, like this bathroom sink, which is made of igneous rock from volcanic lava. Rocks are divided into three groups: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Igneous rocks are created from magma in the Earth’s mantle. They do not have fossils, are not reactive with acids, and generally, don’t have layers. Additionally, they consist of various minerals and have been known for having holes or bubbles. Some can even look like glass. Volcanologists try to find these ones specifically to study where they came from and if they were made after a volcanic event.
Meanwhile, geologists use the first look of a rock to determine its composition, and then, they confirm their findings with many different techniques. Researchers at The University of Auckland have an electron microprobe that measures how much silicairon, magnesium, or other elements are inside their samples. That way, they can classify each rock, and it can give them information about the volcano and the eruption that led to the formations. On the other hand, there 3 types of volcanoes in New Zealand because different kinds of magma have created them: shield, cone, and calderas volcanoes.
37. ONCE IN A LIFETIME VIEW
This is one of the most impressive photographs you will see today. 47 years ago, the crew of Apollo 15 took this photo of the Earth from the moon, and this is how it looked. The Apollo 15 was the 9th mission in the United States Apollo initiative and the 8th successful one. Additionally, they were the fourth mission that managed to land on the moon, and this team used the Lunar Roving Vehicle for the first time. It began on July 26, 1971, but ended on August 7 after exploring the surface of the celestial body for several days.
On board were Commander David Scott and Lunar Module Pilot James Irwin, who decided to land near Hadley Rille. The team also managed to collect 170 pounds of material from the surface. While the mission was completely prosperous, it received a lot of backlash that next year because the crew apparently had unauthorized postal covers, some of which were made by the Germans. The astronauts in the group never went to space again as a result. Luckily, Apollo 15 is remembered for the discovery of the Genesis Rock, and for how they validated Galileo’s theory that if there is no air resistance, objects drop at the same time.
36. TOO MUCH INFORMATION
This may seem like a regular yogurt bottle, but if you look closely, you will notice that it lists the names of the cows involved, just like the credits of a movie. This is awesome and animal-friendly. This yogurt produced by the Berle Farm, which is located in Hoosick, New York, and they are “the farm for the nourishment of our region”. They have been an organic plantation since 1997, as they look out for the health of land, animals, and flora in natural ways that result in better products. At the time of this writing, they had around 15 cows, which allows them to produce aged raw milk cheeses and yogurt.
Additionally, most of their dairy products can be delivered thanks to many distributors. “The food from Berle Farm reflects the love and stewardship of open land and agriculture.” In summer 2019, they hope to open a Farm Store right on their location where people will be welcomed to purchase their products directly from the source. They have been working for more than 20 years to make the best food items for their clients.
35. IMPORTANT LITTLE THINGS
Bees are very active animals, and this picture proves it. This is the time-lapse photo of a beehive, and it is incredible how they were all captured by the camera. Bees are definitely not that popular, especially for many people who have serious allergies that can lead to death. But, these flying insects are vital for the survival of the human race. Their main job is to pollinate plants. Without this, we wouldn’t have flowers or be able to grow food. It has been said that bees are accountable for every three bites we take of our dinner. Sadly, they are in danger.
Their populations have been decreasing since the 1940s. Their colonies have gone down from 5 million to 2.5 million, and scientists have been working to find out why. Unfortunately, they haven’t found the answers and the more time is wasted, the more bees are lost. Luckily, anyone can help a little bit to save these creatures. You can plant something at home like a flower or even grow a vegetable garden. You can stop using pesticides as they are major contributors to the death of bees. It’s better to buy organic products to get rid of other pests than the chemicals options. Finally, you can build a bee box.
34. OCD DREAM
This is just amazing and almost hard to believe. Here are 25,000 little dice that were agitated in a cylinder to form concentric circles. Thanks to that, everything is in order. This is called compaction dynamics, and the experiment was created by scientists from Mexico and Spain. They rotated the cylinder back and forth every second until the dice arranged into concentric circles. Diego Maza and his team from the University of Navarra discovered that moving the cylinder along its vertical axis gave way to interesting results.
Additionally, they learned that twisting motions have different impacts than tapping the surface of the structure. The results are dependent in the rotational acceleration they gave it when reversing the move. The dice managed to arrange that perfect after round 10,000 rotations. It like they lay in concentric rings inside the cylinder. However, this is only achieved by using acceleration equal to half of gravity (0.5 g). Anything below that made it seem like the dice would never position themselves. Below 0.5 g, they twisted 100,000 times, and the dice in the center were still totally disorganized. The researchers said that it might have taken ten years at lower speeds to reach the maximum density.
33. ROUGH TERRAIN
This is definitely a precious object made for those who most need it. If you still can’t get what is this, it is a globe for blind people. Is it not beautiful? The World Health Organization estimates that there around 40 million blind people in the world, and other 250 million have visual problems. We don’t often think about these handi-capable people, or how they learn everyday things. Those numbers might rise with glaucoma and diabetes; so, it’s important to develop strategies so that they can give as normally as possible.
The University of Bath is currently studying blind people to understand how they perceive and think about the world, and also, how they use other sense to learn things. With these findings, new technologies will be able to help the visual impair overcome their limitations and be more independent. Some studies compared congenitally blind individuals, late-blind people, and sighted people, and used vital cognitive tasks to determine the major differences. The point to understand how they take information that might have normally be given by sight. Learn more here.
32. A MIRROR ON THE WALL
Sometimes street art can blow our minds, and this picture is a case of it. This was made in Lancashire, UK, and it is so realistic that we almost feel like the eye is watching us. Graffiti is a somewhat misunderstood form of art, but the truth is that it started with the cavemen thousands of years ago. Ancient Romans and Greeks would write their names on buildings and even some lyrics. However, the modern versions of graffiti seemed to develop in Philadelphia in the 1960s. By the end of the decade, the movement had reached New York.
The 70s were a great time for these artists, especially because they starting adding their names, also known as “tags”, to their work all over the city. In the mid-70s, subway cars had their windows covered in the artwork. Originally, the “taggers” belonged in street gangs that managed certain territories. They worked in “crews”, and they called the art form “writing”. The term “graffiti” was coined by the New York Times and novelist Norman Mailer. Unfortunately, just when it was starting to gain momentum as an art form, the mayor of NY, John Lindsay, criminalized the practice.
31. NOTHING GETS WASTED
Recycling is essential to decrease many problems that our environment is suffering. That’s why they created these pencils you can plant after you’ve used it and watch it grow into a vegetable. These are also known as “Sprout pencils”, and they are made out of sustainable wood. Instead of an eraser tip, however, they have a biodegradable capsule that holds a vegetable or herb seed. Once a person is done using the whole pencil, they remove the tip and add it to a pot of soil. The instruction on the box only says: “Add sunlight & water.”
You should be able to see results after a few weeks as long as you take care of your plants accordingly. Amanda McArthur from Sweet High bought several of these pencils to experience them. She got a pack of graphite that included basil, thyme, and coriander. Meanwhile, the colored pencils had seeds for red flax, calendula, lemon balm, basil, forget me not, sage, thyme, and coriander. McArthur started with the basil seeds (she was impatient so she removed it when the pencil was new) and followed the instructions.
30. OLD-TIMEY TRADITION
This types of doors were pretty common many years ago. It was made for milk deliveries, and probably you will find them in old houses. It was a practical idea for that time. There is apparently a movement to bring back milk deliveries in America, and milkmen are making a comeback, you should know more about the history of this practice. Only some people remember the sounds of clinking bottle when the milk was delivered every morning. The deliveries started in the late 1700s when almost every family had a cow. Some families were lucky enough to have two cows.
After the industrial revolution, people were moving to urban areas where it wasn’t possible to have cows. Houses were smaller, and everyone was busier. Therefore, they turned to local dairy farmers for milk. The first delivery occurred in Vermont in 1785. They later became a commercial success, and men were hired to deliver it door-to-door using a metal barrel full milk. People would bring jugs or jars to collect from the milkman. The practice was modernized to bottles later on.
29. THE OLD AND THE NEW
This is what some Russian cities look like thanks to the incorporation of new buildings due to the increase in population. A mixture between the new and the old. This is the view of the city of Petrozavodsk, which is written “Петрозаводск” in Russian. It the capital city of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, and expands along Lake Onega for 27 kilometers. According to the 2010 census, there are around 261,987 citizens. In the early 1700s, it was known as Shuysky zavod, but it was renamed as Petrovskaya Sloboda.
Later on, it was called Äänislinna by the Finnish armies during the occupation in the Continuation War from 1941 to 1944. Meanwhile, Lake Onega is also connected to Leningrad Oblast and Vologda Oblast, and it’s part of the Baltic Sea in the Atlantic Ocean. It’s also considered the second largest lake in Europe after Lake Ladoga. The lake connects to around 50 rivers and drains in the Svir River. There more than 1,500 islands inside it such as Kizhi, which has 89 orthodox churches as well as other buildings from the 15th to 20th centuries.
28. BIGGER THAN EXPECTED
This is the actual size of one of the engines of a Boeing 787 when compared to a human being. This is the Rolls-Royce Trent 800, a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine. It was redesigned from the RB211 and part of the Trent series of engines. It was used for Boeings 777 as well. In the late 1980s, Boeing was planning a bigger version of the 767 models and Rolls-Royce said that the Trent 760 engine would work great for it. However, in 1990, Boeing scrapped the idea for the 767 and launched the 777 that needed 80,000 lbf. (360 kN) or more.
The Trent 700’s fan wasn’t big enough for the demands of the 777, and Rolls-Royce came up with the Trent 800 which featured a fan with 110 inches in diameter. It was manufactured in partnership with Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries. They began testing it in September 1993, and it was ready by 1995. The first airplane with the engine flew in May 1995 and was acquired by Thai Airways. Since 2014, the company has been selling a better version called the Trent 800EP, which uses tech from the Trent 1000 and Trent XWB engines.
27. AGE MAKES A DIFFERENCE
A King cobra from southern Thailand, age 17, along with a 3-year-old King cobra from south Thailand. The difference in size is remarkable. Its scientific name is the Ophiophagus Hannah, and it’s different from cobras of the Naja genus due to the shape and size of its neck hood. King cobra also has a much bigger head than others. Other cobras can grow up to two meters in length, while King cobras are much larger. Its chevrons are lighter than their bodies.
The color might be enhanced in their neck and their body, like the kings from China, but some cobras from Southern Thailand have more muted parts. However, one of the main differences between these ones and other cobra snakes is the scales at the top and on their backs, which are called “occipital scales”. They are placed right next to each other instead of the 9-scale arrangement of most colubrids and elapids.
26. SEVERAL GENERATIONS
In this photo, we can see five generations of an Asian family in a single photo. Not all families can achieve this. It’s not that common to see more than 3 generations alive at the same time, but they say that Asian people have longer lives. On the other hand, it’s not the first time that a group of women has uploaded the pictures of their family, showing off how many are stilling kicking. A woman from Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada became a great-great-great-grandmother in 2016, at the age of 96.
Vera Sommerfeld became the head of the six generations of women when baby Callie Marsh was born into the family. Her mother is Alisa Marsh, who was 20 years old back then. The baby’s grandmother is Amanda Cormier, and the great-grandmother is Grace Couturier. The Great-great-grandmother Gwen Shaw, who was 75 at the time, and the daughter of Vera. She said, "It's pretty wonderful, really. I just couldn't wait for this baby to be born, because it was going to be my sixth generation, and I waited for it for a long time." Granted, the miracle might have been due to the fact that most women had children early on in their adulthood, but it’s still pretty cool.
25. PRESERVED FOREVER
A beautiful piece of crystal with almost a thousand years of age that was found in the Dominican Republic. It’s also known as the Dominican amber, and comes from resin from the tree Hymenaea protera, which is already extinct. It is different from other kinds of amber, such as Baltic, because it’s almost always see-through, and it has more fossil additions. Studying these ambers has allowed researchers to remake an ecosystem that was long gone. In studies from the early 1990s, it was determined that some pieces of amber were around 40 million years old.
But, Poinar says that Dominican amber is from the Oligocene to the Miocene periods, which means that they are 25 million years old. The oldest of these precious stones was found in the north of Santiago, and the La Cumbre, La Toca, Palo Quemado, La Bucara, and Los Cacaos mining sites are near that city. Amber has also been discovered in Bayaguana/Sabana de la Mar, and there are even subfossil copals located in the Cotui deposits that go back only 280 years.
24. CLEAN EARS
They have a solution for everything in Asia. This is a Q-tip that brings a disinfectant solution inside it for any occasion. The reason that normally Asia have a different type of earwax that is harder to remove. However, for most people, Q-tips are not the only way to get rid of that dirt in your ears. If you haven’t let it built up, you can use your pinky finger with some tissues to remove a bit of it. But make sure that you don’t poke in there and remain in the outer side. This will work after a hot shower because the water has softened the wax and be removed easily.
Another method is adding hydrogen peroxide. You can add a bit of it on your finger, and don’t worry about the fizzing noises. After 10 to 15 minutes, lean your head toward the sink to drain the excess and the wax should also come with it. Olive Oil is also an excellent way of cleaning your ear, at least, according to the American Hearing Research Foundation. Adding two drops can also help soften the wax to take it away.
23. THE FIRST BIBLE
This is a Gutenberg Bible, and it symbolizes the beginning of the printing of books in Europe. Johannes Gutenberg created it in the early 1450s in Mainz, what is now Germany. This is also known as 42-line Bible, the Mazarin Bible or the B42. It symbolized the beginning of the “Gutenberg Revolution”. Aside from it, this Bible is valuable due to the aesthetic, artistry, and historic importance. No one how many copies they printed, but only 49 remain around the world, and it has been that none of them are complete.
The edition from the Vulgate and this bible has the Latin versions of the Hebrew Old Testament and the Greek New Testament. It showed the work of Jerome, who translated it in 380 AD, but there were some added things from the Parisian Bible tradition and other differences. The Paris Bible is one of many translations of the book from the Middle Ages, and it also referred to as the "Thirteenth-Century Bible", "Old French Bible" or, in French, "Bible du XIIIe siècle".
22. THE INFAMOUS PRISON
This image is from Alcatraz, the most famous prison in the world. It was known as the prison from which no one could escape, although now it is turned into a tourist attraction. This infamous prison was also called The Rock, and it was a maximum security federal jail on Alcatraz Island, which is located off the coast of San Francisco, California. It worked from August 11, 1934, to March 21, 1963, but the fort was there since the 1850s.
The main jail, however, was erected between 1910 and 1912 as part of the United States Army military prison. The Department of Justice later got the United States Disciplinary Barracks, Pacific Branch, on Alcatraz on October 12, 1933, and the island officially became part of the Federal Bureau of Prisons in August 1934. Everything has to be updated and needed more security. Due to the surrounding cold water and the system, it was considered the U.S.’s strongest prison, and the myth was that no one could escape it. Only the worst criminals who caused trouble in normal jails were sent to Alcatraz, and such people include Al Capone, Robert Franklin Stroud (the "Birdman of Alcatraz"), George "Machine Gun" Kelly, Bumpy Johnson, Rafael Cancel Miranda, and many more.
21. THE DARK SIDE OF THE MOON
This side of the Moon can not be seen from Earth, but there are many photographs of it from space. The largest lunar craters are on that side. This part of the Moon always faces away from Earth, and it is littered with craters as well as lunar maria. One of its craters is called the South Pole-Aitken basin, and it’s considered one of the biggest in the Solar System. Each side of the moon gets two weeks of sunlight and two of night. Only around 18% of the dark side of the moon can be seen from Earth at certain times.
However, the remaining 82% has not been seen since 1959, when the Soviet Luna 3 space probe captured a picture of it. The Soviet Academy of Sciences released an atlas about it in 1960. On the other hand, the Apollo 8 crew members were the first to see it with their own eyes when they went around the moon in 1968. All landings on the celestial body had been on the nearer side until January 3, 2019, when the Change 4 spacecraft reached it.
20. BETTER THAN A HUMAN BRAIN
Deep Blue is known to be the supercomputer made by IBM that defeated the world chess champion, Garry Kasparov, on February 10, 1996. It was the first of its kind to ever win under regular time controls. However, it only beat the Kasparov in one of their six-game matches. The champion won 3 matches and the other two were draws, but the final score was 4-2 in favor of Kasparov. The machine was redesigned for a new match in May 1997, and it managed to win all six games, defeating the world champion for the very first time. Kasparov was angry and said that IBM cheated.
He also wanted a rematch, but IBM declined and destroyed Deep Blue. The development for it began in 1985 at Carnegie Mellon University. The project advanced into Deep Thought, and the developers were hired by IBM upon their graduation. The company really wanted to beat the chess champion. Deep Thought played against Kasparov in 1989, and then, they held a contest to rename the machine, which resulted in the famous “Deep Blue”.
19. THE BEGINNING OF A BOTTLE
This is how 35 oz plastic bottles look before they heat up and inflate to the size we all know today. This is what a bottle looks like before they filled it with air and it enlarges to become the bigger version that holds water or soda. Most plastic bottles are made from high-density plastic, and they are used for all kinds of liquids, including shampoo and ink. People started using them for the first in 1947, but back then, they were still very expensive to produce. Luckily, in the 1950s, high-density polyethylene was discovered, and it was so much easier.
The material reached top popularity in the industry, and clients love their lightweight in comparison to glass bottles. It didn’t cost as much to make them as before, and they were fairly easy to transport as well. But, the best part about plastic versus glass is that it was much more durable. Glass was susceptible to breaking if handled incorrectly. Therefore, the food industry has used them for decades for almost anything besides wine and beer.
18. A TINY MASTERPIECE
The Mona Lisa is not as majestic as some people think. Its actual height is 30 inches, and the width is 21 inches. This is a portrait created by the Italian Renaissance master Leonardo da Vinci, and some have referred to it as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world”. It’s also considered one of the most expensive paintings in the world. It was insured for $100 million in 1962 (that would $650 million today), according to Guinness World Records.
It is widely believed to be a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo. It was made on a white Lombardy poplar panel with oils. Some say that da Vinci made between 1503 and 1506, but other accounts think that he was still working on it in 1517. Recent studies propose that it wasn’t started until 1513. It was bought by King Francis I of France, and it belongs to France. Anyone who visits the Louvre Museum in Paris can see it, as it has been there since 1797.
17. NO BRICK BY BRICK
This is the machine used to place brick roads. It can easily replace a group of workers because of its speed. Workers no longer have to place brick by brick to make that kind of road. Now there are machines designed for that purpose, and some of them can put down around 300 square meters of bricks in just one day. This is called block paving, which is different from asphalt roads as it used for places where there is a lot less traffic. It’s mostly to make the road look prettier.
But, the process of laying down each stone was incredibly taxing and paying workers to do it becomes expensive. Luckily, the Dutch company Vanku B.V. came up with a solution and introduced the Tiger-Stone. This equipment can put down several patterns of brick quicker than humans can. It is a six-meter-wide machine that some have nicknamed it “Road Printer” because it looks like it is printing the road, as you can see in the image. Additionally, the machine doesn’t require a lot of maintenance, and it comes in several sizes with prices ranging around $80,000 to $110,000.
16. THE SUNRISE AND THE SUNSET
Many people like to see eclipses. But how many can say that they managed to see a sunrise and a sunset at the same time? That is not exactly the case here, but it certainly looks that way. This was actually an eclipse captured during the sunset, and it’s an unbelievable sight. A solar eclipse is not a common event, but it happens when part of the Earth is in shadow as the Moon blocks the Suns. During this moment, the Sun, the Moon, and the Earth are aligned perfectly.
This is can happen when it’s a new moon, which means that the celestial body is closest to the ecliptic plane. When it comes to total eclipses the Sun is completely covered by the Moon, but in partial or annular versions, only one tiny part of the huge star is concealed. If the Moon had a circular orbit, was closer to the Earth, and had the same orbital plane, there would be solar eclipses every new moon. But, its orbit is tilted more than 5 degrees toward the Earth’s orbit; so, the shadow cannot be seen from Earth most of the time.
15. SHEDDING SKIN
The skin of snakes is a real work of art that we rarely see it because they tend to change their skin in hidden places. This snake is the Eastern Green Mamba or Dendroaspis angusticeps. It is very venomous and can be found in the coastal regions of southern East Africa. It was first recorded by a zoologist Andrew Smith in 1849. Its body is bright green on the upside, and yellow-green below. Most fully-grown females are around 2 meters long, but the males are smaller. They are a shy species despite their dangerous bites; therefore, they are rare to spot.
Another reason why they are rarely seen is their green color which blends perfectly with jungles and trees. But, don’t let that fool you. These are the kind of snakes that will wait silently for their prey to come close and then attack unexpectedly. They generally eat birds, eggs, bats, and some rodents. Their venom contains neurotoxins and cardiotoxins, but they can vary between region, age, diet, and other factors. If bitten, you might experience dizziness, nausea, trouble breathing, heartbeat issues, and more until respiratory paralysis. If the snake delivered a big dose in one bite, it can definitely be fatal.
According to Roman mythology, the Penates are the domestic deities. People used to return to their Penates after a war or hunting to thank for being able to return to their homes. Household deities are any spirits or gods designed to protect a home. They also look after the important members of the family who live there, but they were worshipped by pagan religions and other folks all over the world. There are two types of these deities: a specific god or goddess such as the hearth goddess or domestic goddess. The Greek’s Hestia and the Norse’s Frigg are perfect examples.
The other kind is not just one god, but like a group that has lesser power than big deities. In ancient religions, these were common. The Lares of the Romans, the Gashins of Korean shamanism, and the Cofgodas of Anglo-Saxon paganism are also great examples. After Christianisation, these were considered more like fairies and remained as tales. Additionally, these deities are worshipped individually at home and not in temples. Some people represent them with small idols, and others have made them shrines.
13. WARMTH FOR A HOUSEHOLD
This is how the domestic heating system looks. It's placed on the floor of houses to keep them warm during the winter. Underfloor heating can be very effective as it can distribute warmth throughout the whole house, and it also removes the need for ugly radiators that occupy space. You can achieve a better interior with the use of this kind of heating. On the other hand, it can be pretty expensive to place this system, and it’s a big decision for many families.
Another great thing about underfloor heating is that your feet will always be warm and toasty. It can heat large areas better than most radiators, and you won’t lose a lot of heat even if the windows are open. The main issue is the installation cost, especially in older homes. Also, it can take a long time to warm up; so, you need a timer to get them running. You need to think about the layout of your home because heavy items cannot be placed over the system.
12. ALL THE COLORS
This image has a million colors. Each of the pixels is of a different color and shows a wide variety of tones we can perceive. We learn new things about colors every day, and did you know that there are colors almost no one has heard of ever? There is a color called Sarcoline, which is “flesh color”. Some people might be call it “nude” color, especially when it comes to shoes. Wearing heels in that shade can make legs look longer. There is another color called Coquelicot, and it was another word for poppy. It is orange-red.
Another weird color name is Smaragdine, which definitely sounds like the name of a fairytale character. But, it is actually emerald green. It was named 2013’s Pantone Color of the Year. Mikado is another name for a color, and it comes from a Japanese emperor. It’s a really bold yellow. There is also Glaucous, which was coined in 1671, and it was used to describe the blue-gray coating on grapes and plums. Not the color of the fruits, but the hue that covered. Isn’t weird that we have never heard about any of these?
11. THE BORDERLINE
This is the barrier that exists on the border between the United States and Mexico through the Algodones Dunes. It consists of a series of high and narrow components that change with the dunes. This might be a more natural barrier between the countries, but they have very real vertical fences in the entire boarder to stop illegal immigration from Mexico to the United States. Of course, some people still go through, and that is why President Trump promised to build a wall, which was one of the major parts of his campaign.
The barriers were started in 1994 under the Bill Clint administration, in the hopes of stopping the delivery of illegal drugs from Latin America to the U.S. Years later, the Secure Fence Act of 2006 allowed the construction of miles of fencing along the border. Almost 1,954 have been covered, and it was placed in both urban and uninhabited parts of the country because of the illegal handlings happen in this kind of places.
10. CURLY CHICKEN
For those people who did not think this was possible, we presented you a Chinese curly chicken. Look at those beautiful curls! This breed of chicken is called Frizzle due to their characteristic curly feathers. There are other breeds that exhibit the frizzle gene like the Pekin and the Polish, but Frizzles are mostly seen in European countries and Australia. They are not considered a different breed in the United States. Their origins are unknown, but it is believed that the gene developed in Asia, but only 137 frizzles chickens have been recorded since the 18th century.
The Frizzle breed is considered for certain exhibitions in countries like Belgium, Poland, Italy, Slovakia, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. You might be surprised to learn that not all frizzle chickens have curly feathers. It is not a completely dominant gene. There are four colors accepted by the Entente Européenne standard: black, blue, cuckoo and white. But the Poultry Club of Great Britain recognizes 13 colors. Meanwhile, the Australian Poultry Standards accept black, blue, buff, white, columbian, red, and several known colors.
9. NOT A NORMAL HOUSE
This is the Hang Nga guesthouse, better known as "The Crazy House," and is located in Dalat, Vietnam. It was created by the Vietnamese architect Đặng Việt Nga. It is also known as the “fairy tale house”, and overall, it is a giant tree that adds other elements like animals, mushrooms, spider webs, and caves. Additionally, the house has been described as expressionist due to its non-rectilinear shape and complicated design. The artist was inspired by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi, and some tourists have said it looks like something made by Salvador Dali or Walt Disney.
It opened in 1990, and quickly gained recognition as one of the top ten “bizarre” buildings in Chinese People’s Daily. Furthermore, the structure was originally a personal project by the architect, but it went public. Nga got her Ph.D. in architecture from the University of Moscow, and she was inspired by the city of Da Lat and its natural landscapes to create the building.
8. THE DEATH OF TECHNOLOGY
This is an image of a cemetery of cars that could not be sold because better models that replaced them came onto the market. Unfortunately, there is such a thing as overproduction, and thousands of cars have been left in lots because no one wants them. When there are simply too many options at the market, they become surplus. This particular lot is located in Italy’s Port of Civitavecchia, but there many cities with such places.
You would think that they need to scrap these vehicles for parts. The Port of Sheerness in Kent, England is also a car cemetery. Before the recession, people are just not buying cars as they once did. There aren’t that many families that can exchange their vehicles every year anymore, and therefore, a lot of cars will never be used. In Baltimore, Maryland, USA, there is a massive parking lot with more than 57,000 unused cars.
7. A SHOCKING PICTURE
This strange photo shows an image captured by a tourist just at the moment when lightning struck his cell phone. An Austrian man hiked more than 9,000 feet to reach the Sierra Nevada top and take a picture. Unfortunately, that’s when lightning struck. As a result, his clothes were blasted off, and there a huge hole in of shoes. Additionally, he suffered from some pretty harsh burns. Mathias Steinhuber walked through the Pacific Crest Trailer with his girlfriend and another friend.
Luckily, his phone and this image survived the occurrence. While in the hospital, Steinhuber said, “Somebody told me the odds are higher winning the lottery than getting struck by lightning. I would've rather won the lottery.” We all would. In fact, one day later a woman in Massachusetts won $758.7 million in the Powerball lottery. Meanwhile, the hiker added, “It was like in a dream. I woke up. I had blood everywhere, my clothes were ripped apart. At some distance, I heard my girlfriend scream my name. My first conclusion was that I probably fell down the mountain.”
6. THE TINIEST LITTLE BIRD
This little creature is a newborn eagle. When they come out of the shell, they do not resemble at all the imposing predators we know. The baby eagles are also referred to as eaglets, and they are nestlings for the first 10 to 12 weeks of life. By their 19th week, they are fully grown. When an eaglet hatches, the female remains at the nest around 90% of the time, and the male is only around 50%. Some studies have found that at least one parent remains taking care of the babies.
They are fed raw meat from the first day, but eagles are not the kind of birds that spit their food onto the baby’s mouth. Their parents bring food, they tear it in pieces and offer it to the babies. For the first two weeks, the male has to provide the food, but after 4 weeks, the female also chips in, by the late nesting period, it is all up to the female. They are fed between 1 to 8 times a day. The oldest eaglet is usually very territorial in their nest, and some might even try to kill their siblings.
5. INTERESTING MATERIAL
This image shows rhenium diboride (ReB2), which is a synthetic superhard material first created in 1962. It resurfaced in modern times when scientists were trying to recreate the hardness of diamonds. In the initial tests of the material, it was able to scratch the precious stone, but some question how hard it really is still. Fortunately, unlike cubic boron nitride, this material doesn’t need high pressures to produce. However, it can be pretty expensive. It is formed from a mixture of rhenium, which can resist intense forces, and boron, which makes covalent bonds with the rhenium.
A superhard material needs to have a hardness over 40 gigapascals in the Vickers hardness test. They have high electron density and high bond covalence. They are highly coveted in the industrial world to make polishing and cutting tools, as well as wear-resistant and protective coverings. Diamonds are still considered the hardest material to date, and they measure between 70 to 150 gigapascals on the Vickers test.
4. THE COLOR BLACK
It is not part of any image edited in PS. The Vantablack is the darkest material in the world because it absorbs 99% of the light and gives the impression of having only two dimensions. This color has been available in spray form for several years, and it’s so dark that it makes objects look flat. It might be perfect to disguise stealth weapons. It has a special nanostructure, which allows it to absorb all the remaining black.
The creator of this material is Surrey NanoSystems in the United Kingdom, and they made Vantablack S-VIS, which is the spray paint. As a result, there are many functions Vantablack could provide for technology, as it could now reach more complicated shapes in manufacturing. It can trap 99.8% of incident light. Incident light is that light that hits an object on any given moment. According to the company, the spray can make things seem like “two-dimensional black holes”. Surrey NanoSystems’ Ben Jensen said, “We are continuing to develop the technology, and the new sprayable version really does open up the possibility of applying super-black coatings in many types of airborne or terrestrial applications.” He continued, “Possibilities include commercial products such as cameras, equipment requiring improved performance in a smaller form factor, as well as differentiating the look of products by means of the coating’s unique aesthetic appearance.”
3. THE WHEELS ARE GONE
These are the remains of tires left on the asphalt after the car races, or in this case, a drag racing event. Racetrack rubbering is a real issue, and people don’t think about it unless it is removed by machines or when there is rain. However, Greg Stucker has explained that a track can change because they are always adding and taking away rubber during practices and races. When a car goes really fast, the tires are heated, and the bonds in the rubber get weaker when the temperature goes over 200°F.
Therefore, the friction between the asphalt and the tire ends up pulling some molecules from the tire, and they stick to the road after cooling off. If it’s a brand new racetrack, it can take some time to create that layer of rubber, but then, the others start piling up. Rubber sticks to the discarded rubber on the floor, but the union with the second layer of rubber is weaker than the first layer with the asphalt. When the coating becomes too thick, it starts to crack into little pieces. Learn more here.
2. THE NEMO POINT
Nemo Point is the place furthest away from everything. It is so far from everything that astronauts are usually the humans closest to him. It is also known as “the oceanic pole of inaccessibility”, and it is found at exactly 48°52.6′S 123°23.6′W. The closest land to the point it the Pitcairn Islands in the north, as well as one of the islands in the northeast, and another one off the coast of Antarctica in the south. “Nemo” is Latin for “no one”, which means that there are no people nearby. The word was referenced in Jules Verne’s novel ‘20,000 Leagues Under The Sea’.
In fact, the pole is so isolated that the closest people near it are those at the International Space Station, which is 258 miles away from the planet at all times. The man who discovered the site hasn’t even visited. His name was Hrvoje Lukatela, and in 1992, he discovered the point using a computer program to calculate the coordinates of the greatest distance from “three equidistant land coordinates”. There is a chance that no one will ever actually travel through those coordinates, but you can still look at it using Google Earth.
1. AREA 6
Many people talk about Area 51, but Area 6, located 80 miles from Las Vegas, is another secret point that the United States only recognized a few years ago. In March 2016, a picture of another secretive air base in Nevada started circulating online. It was taken thanks to Google Earth and first published by the Las Vegas Review-Journal. It is considered the National Nuclear Security Administration office, and it’s so odd that some defense specialist had never been told about it. Only the people with the utmost security clearance can work at Area 6.
It’s one runway with a big hangar and a bunch of sheds. It is supposedly used for investigating counter-terrorism operations and what to do in such events. Apparently, some pilotless planes have been taking off, which is located in the Yucca Flat. Meanwhile, there is allegedly testing of radiation spotters at the sight. We wonder if this might actually be the place which “hides aliens” instead of Area 51. The land located in the middle of the Nevada desert has been infamous after the crash at Roswell. It might be where the “men in black” work.
The magnitude of the things that surround us can overwhelm us on some occasions, but they show us how imposing nature can be, how far human constructions and inventions can go, and how important it is to appreciate what we have in our hands, and how far we can go with a little ingenuity.